Post-Synthetic Ensembling Design of Hierarchically Ordered FAU-type Zeolite Frameworks for Vacuum Gas Oil Hydrocracking

Rajesh Kumar Parsapur*, Amol M. Hengne, Georgian Melinte, Omer Refa Koseoglu, Robert Peter Hodgkins, Anissa Bendjeriou-Sedjerari, Zhiping Lai*, Kuo Wei Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Zeolites hold importance as catalysts and membranes across numerous industrial processes that produce most of the world's fuels and chemicals. In zeolite catalysis, the rate of molecular diffusion inside the micropore channels defines the catalyst's longevity and selectivity, thereby influencing the catalytic efficiency. Decreasing the diffusion pathlengths of zeolites to the nanoscopic level by fabricating well-organized hierarchically porous architecture can efficiently overcome their intrinsic mass-transfer limitations without losing hydrothermal stability. We report a rational post-synthetic design for synthesizing hierarchically ordered FAU-type zeolites exhibiting 2D-hexagonal (P6mm) and 3D-cubic (Ia (Formula presented.) d) mesopore channels. The synthesis involves methodical incision of the parent zeolite into unit-cell level zeolitic fragments by in situ generated base and bulky surfactants. The micellar ensembles formed by these surfactant-zeolite interactions are subsequently reorganized into various ordered mesophases by tuning the micellar curvature with ion-specific interactions (Hofmeister effect). Unlike conventional crystallization, which offers poor control over mesophase formation due to kinetic constraints, crystalline mesostructures can be developed under dilute, mild alkaline conditions by controlled reassembly. The prepared zeolites with nanometric diffusion pathlengths have demonstrated excellent yields of naphtha and middle-distillates in vacuum gas oil hydrocracking with decreased coke deposition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere202314217
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number6
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • FAU-Type Zeolites
  • Gyroidal Mesoporosity
  • Hierarchically Ordered Zeolites
  • Post-Synthetic Reorganization
  • VGO Hydrocracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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