Polarization-induced photocurrent switching effect in heterojunction photodiodes

Dingbo Chen, Yu Chang Chen, Guang Zeng, Yu Chun Li, Xiao Xi Li, Dong Li, Chao Shen, Nan Chi, Boon S. Ooi, David Wei Zhang, Hong Liang Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The unipolar photocurrent in conventional photodiodes (PDs) based on photovoltaic effect limits the output modes and potential versatility of these devices in photodetection. Bipolar photodiodes with photocurrent switching are emerging as a promising solution for obtaining photoelectric devices with unique and attractive functions, such as optical logic operation. Here, we design an all-solid-state chip-scale ultraviolet (UV) PD based on a hybrid GaN heterojunction with engineered bipolar polarized electric field. By introducing the polarization-induced photocurrent switching effect, the photocurrent direction can be switched in response to the wavelength of incident light at 0 V bias. In particular, the photocurrent direction exhibits negative when the irradiation wavelength is less than 315 nm, but positive when the wavelength is longer than 315 nm. The device shows a responsivity of up to −6.7 mA/W at 300 nm and 5.3 mA/W at 340 nm, respectively. In particular, three special logic gates in response to different dual UV light inputs are demonstrated via a single bipolar PD, which may be beneficial for future multifunctional UV photonic integrated devices and systems.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNano Research
StatePublished - Nov 14 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-11-28
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 62027818, 51861135105, 61874034, and 11974320), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2021YFB3202500), and International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Action Plan (No. 21520713300).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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