Cell motility is a tightly regulated process that involves the polymerization of actin subunits. The formation of actin filaments is controlled through a variety of protein factors that accelerate or perturb the polymerization process. As is the case for most biological events, cell movement is also controlled at the level of gene expression. Growing research explains how the β-actin isoform of actin is particularly regulated through post-transcriptional events. This includes the discovery of multiple sites in the 3' untranslated region of β-actin mRNA to which RNA-binding proteins can associate. The control such proteins have on β-actin expression, and as a result, cell migration, continues to develop, and presents a thorough process that involves guiding an mRNA out of the nucleus, to a specific cytosolic destination, and then controlling the translation and decay of this message. In this review we will provide an overview on the recent progress regarding the mechanisms by which actin polymerization modulates cell movement and invasion and we will discuss the importance of post-transcriptional regulatory events in β-actin mediated effects on these processes.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-13
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Developmental Biology