Piston-liner crevice geometry effect on HCCI combustion by multi-zone analysis

Salvador M. Aceves*, Daniel L. Flowers, Francisco Espinosa-Loza, Joel Martinez-Frias, Robert Dibble, Magnus Christensen, Bengt Johansson, Randy P. Hessel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

48 Scopus citations


A multi-zone model has been developed that accurately predicts HCCI combustion and emissions. The multi-zone methodology is based on the observation that turbulence does not play a direct role on HCCI combustion. Instead, chemical kinetics dominates the process, with hotter zones reacting first, and then colder zones reacting in rapid succession. Here, the multi-zone model has been applied to analyze the effect of piston crevice geometry on HCCI combustion and emissions. Three different pistons of varying crevice size were analyzed. Crevice sizes were 0.26, 1.3 and 2.1 mm, while a constant compression ratio was maintained (17:1). The results show that the multi-zone model can predict pressure traces and heat release rates with good accuracy. Combustion efficiency is also predicted with good accuracy for all cases, with a maximum difference of 5% between experimental and numerical results. Carbon monoxide emissions are underpredicted, but the results are better than those obtained in previous publications. The improvement is attributed to the use of a 40-zone model, while previous publications used a 10-zone model. Hydrocarbon emissions are well predicted. For cylinders with wide crevices (1.3 and 2.1 mm), HC emissions do not decrease monotonically as the relative air/fuel ratio (λ) increases. Instead, maximum HC emissions are obtained for an intermediate value of λ. The model predicts this relative air/fuel ratio for maximum HC emissions with very good accuracy. The results show that the multi-zone model can successfully predict the effect of crevice geometry on HCCI combustion, and therefore it has applicability to the design of HCCI engines with optimum characteristics for high efficiency, low emissions and low peak cylinder pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
EventPowertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Oct 21 2002Oct 24 2002


OtherPowertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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