Piperidinium tethered nanoparticle-hybrid electrolyte for lithium metal batteries

Kevin S. Korf, Yingying Lu, Yu Kambe, Lynden A. Archer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We report on the synthesis of novel piperidinium-based ionic liquid tethered nanoparticle hybrid electrolytes and investigate their physical and electrochemical properties. Hybrid electrolytes based on the ionic liquid 1-methyl-1-propylpiperidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfone) imide covalently tethered to silica nanoparticles (SiO2-PP-TFSI) were blended with propylene carbonate-1 M lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfone) imide (LiTFSI). We employed NMR analysis to confirm the successful creation of the hybrid material. Dielectric and rheological measurements show that these electrolytes exhibit exceptional room-temperature DC ionic conductivity (10-2 to 10 -3 S cm-1) as well as high shear mechanical moduli (105 to 106 Pa). Lithium transference numbers were found to increase with particle loading and to reach values as high as 0.22 at high particle loadings where the particle jam to form a soft glassy elastic medium. Analysis of lithium electrodeposits obtained in the hybrid electrolytes using SEM and EDX spectra show that the SiO2-PP-TFSI nanoparticles are able to smooth lithium deposition and inhibit lithium dendrite proliferation in Li metal batteries. LTOSiO2-PP-TFSI/PC in 1 M LiTFSILi half-cells based on the SiO2-PP-TFSI hybrid electrolytes exhibit attractive voltage profiles and trouble-free extended cycling behavior over more than 1000 cycles of charge and discharge. This journal is © the Partner Organisations 2014.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11866-11873
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number30
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-C1-018-02
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation, Award no. DMR-1006323 and by Award no. KUS-C1-018-02, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). Facilities available though the Cornell Center for Materials Research (CCMR) were used for this study (DMR-1120296). The authors thank Dr Ivan Keresztes for the help with the NMR analysis.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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