Physical and functional interaction between PML and TBX2 in the establishment of cellular senescence

Nadine Martin, Moussa Benhamed, Karim Nacerddine, Maud D. Demarque, Maarten Van Lohuizen, Anne Dejean*, Oliver Bischof

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Cellular senescence acts as a potent barrier for tumour initiation and progression. Previous studies showed that the PML tumour suppressor promotes senescence, although the precise mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Combining gene expression profiling with chromatin-binding analyses and promoter reporter studies, we identify TBX2, a T-box transcription factor frequently overexpressed in cancer, as a novel and direct PML-repressible E2F-target gene in senescence but not quiescence. Recruitment of PML to the TBX2 promoter is dependent on a functional p130/E2F4 repressor complex ultimately implementing a transcriptionally inactive chromatin environment at the TBX2 promoter. TBX2 repression actively contributes to senescence induction as cells depleted for TBX2 trigger PML pro-senescence function(s) and enter senescence. Reciprocally, elevated TBX2 levels antagonize PML pro-senescence function through direct protein-protein interaction. Collectively, our findings indicate that PML and TBX2 act in an autoregulatory loop to control the effective execution of the senescence program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-109
Number of pages15
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 4 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • PML
  • TBX2
  • cellular senescence
  • chromatin
  • gene repression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology


Dive into the research topics of 'Physical and functional interaction between PML and TBX2 in the establishment of cellular senescence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this