Photophysical properties of a series of poly(ladder-type phenylene)s

Frédéric Laquai*, Ashok K. Mishra, Marcos R. Ribas, Annamaria Petrozza, Josemon Jacob, Leni Akcelrud, Klaus Müllen, Richard H. Friend, Gerhard Wegner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


The photophysical properties, i.e., the fluorescence and phosphorescence of a series of blue light-emitting poly(ladder-type phenylene)s have been investigated employing continuous-wave (cw) and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy in solid state and dilute solution. The chemically well-defined polymers vary from two to five bridged phenyl-rings per monomer unit bearing aryl- or alkyl-substitution at the bridge-head carbon atoms. It has been found that the fluorescence energy of the polymers and of the corresponding monomers deviates from a simple 1/N dependence, if the number N of bridged-phenylene rings is increased beyond a certain limit. Time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy on thin films showed that apart from the blue fluorescence of the polymers an additional lower energy emission feature exists, which cannot be assigned to keto-defects and which seems to be an inherent solid state property of this class of materials. Delayed time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy allowed the detection of phosphorescence energies and lifetimes for all investigated polymers. Photoinduced absorption spectroscopy on thin films showed that the triplet-triplet absorption red-shifts with increasing monomer length but reaches a constant value for polymers with N≥4. Amplification of light via amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) from thin film slab waveguide structures could be demonstrated for all ladder-type polymers but the onset threshold value for ASE varies significantly with the polymer structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3231-3240
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number16
StatePublished - Nov 5 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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