The Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer (TDMA) technique coupled with aerosol humidification has been widely used for studying aerosol hygroscopicity. In this study, we evaluate the performance of a commercial Humidified TDMA (BMI HTDMA, Model 3002) with respect to DMA sizing, relative humidity (RH) control, and growth factor (GF) measurements. Unique features of this particular HTDMA include a diffusion-based particle humidifier, a DMA design allowing selection of particles up to 2 μm diameter at only 5600 volts, and the ability to study the complete deliquescence and efflorescence cycle. The sizing agreement between DMA 1 and 2 was within 2% over the 35 to 500 nm diameter range. The measured TDMA responses agreed well with theoretical calculations. The RH control and stability were tested at a suburban field site in Hong Kong. The system achieved RH equilibrium in less than 4 min when changing the RH set point. With indoor temperature changes of less than 1°C per hour, the RH control of the system was very stable at 90%, within 1% RH deviation, as confirmed by GF measurements on ammonium sulfate (AS) aerosols performed on separate days. The hygroscopic properties of various pure aerosols were examined and the results agreed well with model predictions. The application of the BMI HTDMA for field measurements was also demonstrated. Two modes were resolved from the GF distributions at 90% RH and variable hygroscopic growth with changing RH was observed.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-07-06
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Materials Science(all)