We experimentally report a normalized differential signal processing technique to improve the signal-To-noise ratio (SNR) of a fiber optic distributed acoustic sensor (DAS), in the time-domain. The introduced method is calibrated through comparing it with the typical differential method when using a noisy DAS system that includes a relatively wide linewidth laser. For this system, the normalized differential method allows measuring the vibration locations, produced by a piezoelectric transducer (PZT) cylinder, with enhanced SNR.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1614-01-01, GEN/1/6607-01-01, KCR/1/2081-01-01
Acknowledgements: The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided to this work by the Saudi Aramco under Grant No. RGC/3/3138-01. This work is partially supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) baseline funding (BAS/1/1614-01-01), KAUST equipment funding KCR/1/2081-01-01, and GEN/1/6607-01-01.