Performance characteristics of 5 automated thyroglobulin autoantibody and thyroid peroxidase autoantibody assays

Sonia L. La'ulu, Patricia R. Slev, William L. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Measurement of thyroid peroxidase autoantibodies (TPOAb) is useful in diagnosing patients with autoimmune thyroid disease. Measurement of thyroglobulin autoantibodies (TgAb) is used to detect potential interferences with thyroglobulin immunoassays and in limited situations for the diagnosis of autoimmune thyroid disease. Methods: The limit of detection, imprecision, reference interval, method comparison and diagnostic concordance for the ADVIA Centaur, ARCHITECT i2000, AxSYM, Immulite 2000, Modular E170 (TPOAb only), and UniCel DxI 800 (TgAb only) methods were evaluated. The Advantage was used as the comparison method. Results: Total imprecision ranged from 2.6% to 14.9% for TgAb and 2.1% to 15.8% for TPOAb. Passing-Bablok slopes ranged from 0.51 to 10.4 (TgAb) and 1.05 to 7.12 (TPOAb) with correlation coefficients of 0.48 to 0.82 (TgAb) and 0.66 to 0.78 (TPOAb). Assay cutoffs were adjusted using a common set of reference interval samples. Concordance with the Advantage assay using the new cutoffs was found to be improved and ranged from 68.5% to 84.7% (TgAb) and 77.5% to 84.7% (TPOAb). Conclusions: Although all assays generally performed well, assay concordance for a negative or positive result ranged from 54.2 to 84.7%. Quantitative agreement between methods was generally poor and methods could not be used interchangeably. Additional standardization efforts are required to improve inter-method agreement. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume376
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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