Performance and emissions of gasoline blended with terpineol as an octane booster

R. Vallinayagam, S. Vedharaj, William L. Roberts, Robert W. Dibble, Mani Sarathy

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35 Scopus citations


This study investigates the effect of using terpineol as an octane booster for gasoline fuel. Unlike ethanol, terpineol is a high energy density biofuel that is unlikely to result in increased volumetric fuel consumption when used in engines. In this study, terpineol is added to non-oxygenated FACE F gasoline (Research Octane Number = 94.5) in volumetric proportions of 10%, 20% and 30% and tested in a single cylinder spark ignited engine. The performance of terpineol blended fuels are compared against a standard oxygenated EURO V (ethanol blended) gasoline. It was determined that the addition of terpineol to FACE F gasoline enhanced the octane number of the blend, resulting in improved brake thermal efficiency and total fuel consumption. For FACE F + 30% terpineol, break thermal efficiency was improved by 12.1% over FACE F gasoline at full load for maximum brake torque operating point, and similar performance as EURO V gasoline was achieved. Due to its high energy density, total fuel consumption was reduced by 6.2% and 9.7% with 30% terpineol in the blend when compared to FACE F gasoline at low and full load conditions, respectively. Gaseous emissions such as total hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emission were reduced by 36.8% and 22.7% for FACE F + 30% terpineol compared to FACE F gasoline at full load condition. On the other hand, nitrogen oxide and soot emissions are increased for terpineol blended FACE F gasoline when compared to FACE F and EURO V gasoline. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1087-1093
Number of pages7
JournalRenewable Energy
StatePublished - Nov 10 2016

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was funded by competitive research funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under the Clean Combustion Research Center's Future Fuels program. We also acknowledge funding from KAUST and Saudi Aramco under the FUELCOM program. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to our Research Technician, Adrian. I. Ichim for his support in carrying out the engine experiments at KAUST engine lab.


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