Performance Analysis of Mixed RF-UWOC Dual-Hop Transmission Systems

Sai Li, Liang Yang*, Daniel Benevides Da Costa, Jiayi Zhang, Mohamed Slim Alouini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


In this correspondence, we consider a mixed radio-frequency/underwater wireless optical communication (RF-UWOC) system with a fixed-gain amplify-and-forward relay, where the RF link experiences a Generalized-K distribution while the UWOC link undergoes a mixture Exponential-Generalized Gamma distribution. In our analysis, new closed-form expressions for the cumulative distribution function (CDF), and probability density function (PDF) of the end-to-end signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are derived. Capitalizing on these useful statistics, the performance of the proposed mixed RF-UWOC system is investigated in terms of the outage probability, average bit error rate, and average channel capacity. Our analytical expressions are verified via Monte Carlo simulations results, and insightful discussions are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9217969
Pages (from-to)14043-14048
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May 31, 2020; revised August 12, 2020 and September 15, 2020; accepted October 5, 2020. Date of publication October 8, 2020; date of current version November 12, 2020. This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under Grant 61671160, in part by the Department of Education of Guangdong Province (2016KZDXM050), in part by the Hunan Natural Science Foundation under Grant (2019JJ40043, in part by the Science, and Technology Program of Guangzhou (No.201904010249), in part by the Science, and Technology Program of Changsha (kq1907112), and in part by the Open Fund of IPOC (BUPT). The review of this article was coordinated by Dr. L. Dai. (Corresponding author: Liang Yang.) Sai Li and Liang Yang are with the College of Computer Science, and Electronic Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China (e-mail:;

Publisher Copyright:
© 1967-2012 IEEE.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Dual-hop relaying
  • mixed RF-UWOC systems
  • performance analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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