Performance Analysis of Mixed Nakagami- m and Gamma–Gamma Dual-Hop FSO Transmission Systems

Emna Zedini, Imran Shafique Ansari, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

224 Scopus citations


In this paper, we carry out a unified performance analysis of a dual-hop relay system over the asymmetric links composed of both radio-frequency (RF) and unified free-space optical (FSO) links under the effect of pointing errors. Both fixed and variable gain relay systems are studied. The RF link is modeled by the Nakagami-m fading channel and the FSO link by the Gamma-Gamma fading channel subject to both types of detection techniques (i.e., heterodyne detection and intensity modulation with direct detection). In particular, we derive new unified closed-form expressions for the cumulative distribution function, the probability density function, the moment generating function (MGF), and the moments of the end-to-end signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of these systems in terms of the Meijer's G function. Based on these formulas, we offer exact closed-form expressions for the outage probability (OP), the higher order amount of fading, and the average bit error rate (BER) of a variety of binary modulations in terms of the Meijer's G function. Furthermore, an exact closed-form expression of the end-to-end ergodic capacity is derived in terms of the bivariate G function. Additionally, by using the asymptotic expansion of the Meijer's G function at the high-SNR regime, we derive new asymptotic results for the OP, the MGF, and the average BER in terms of simple elementary functions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2015

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01


Dive into the research topics of 'Performance Analysis of Mixed Nakagami- m and Gamma–Gamma Dual-Hop FSO Transmission Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this