Parametric resonance of bi-directional axial loads shallow arch microresonators

Fehmi Najar, Hassen M. Ouakad*, Abdallah Ramini, Nouha Alcheikh, Mohammad I. Younis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this work, we investigate analytically and experimentally parametric resonances of an in-plane clamped-guided shallow arch microresonator. The arch is connected to a T-shaped moveable mass, which is sandwiched between two electrodes to electrostatically activate the device and to offer bi-directional axial loads option. The device is tested under primary and secondary parametric resonances. In addition, an analytical model is presented taking into account the initial rise of the microbeam and the sliding motion at the guided side. The static and free vibration problems are solved using the Differential Quadrature Method, and the dynamic response is simulated using an assumed mode Galerkin approximation. The theoretical results of the static and dynamic behavior of the device are compared to experimental data showing good agreement. Moreover, we demonstrate the use of parametric excitation to significantly amplify the axial motion. It is found that the second parametric resonance, corresponding to the fundamental mode of the arched microbeam, has a higher amplitude than the principal parametric case, due to the initial curvature of the beam. Thus, the proposed device can be a promising candidate for variety of sensing applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054004
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • clamped-guided shallow arch microbeam
  • electrostatic actuation
  • microsensor
  • principal parametric resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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