p-Type Carbon Dots for Effective Surface Optimization for Near-Record-Efficiency CsPbI2Br Solar Cells

Xi Guo, Biao Zhao, Kunxiang Xu, Shaomin Yang, Zhike Liu, Yu Han, Jie Xu, Dongfang Xu, Zhanao Tan, Shengzhong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Interface modification to minimize charge recombination and trapping for efficient charge transport is crucial for the performance of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Herein, functionalized p-type blue carbon dots (B-CDs) are ventured as an interface passivation layer to enhance the efficiency and long-term stability of all-inorganic CsPbI2Br PSCs. It is found that first the blue carbon dots with abundant N-H, C-N, C-O, and C-O functional groups effectively passivate defects by reacting with I− and Pb2+ ions in the perovskite through hydrogen and coordinative bonds. Second, the p-type B-CDs modifiers form a P–N junction with the n-type perovskite to provide efficient pathways for hole transfer and electron blocking. Third, the B-CDs increase the hydrophobicity of the perovskite film to improve the stability of CsPbI2Br PSCs. With the above advantages, the CsPbI2Br PSC with B-CDs modification shows an efficiency as high as 16.76%, one of the highest for its type. In addition, the modification renders significant improvement of air and light stability, with 95.33% of the initial PCE retained after storage in the ambient environment for 1000 h. This work demonstrates the great potential of B-CDs application in perovskite-based optoelectronic devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue number37
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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