In this paper, the outage performance of the maritime free-space optical (FSO) communication system is analyzed, and a new maritime FSO link configuration is presented. The channel model for maritime FSO link includes the combined effect of turbulence, pointing error, angle-of-arrival (AOA) fluctuations, and attenuation. While the maritime turbulence channel is modeled by lognormal distribution, pointing error and AOA fluctuations are assumed to be Beckmann and Rayleigh distributed, respectively. The turbulence power spectrum is considered to present the Kolmogorov characteristics, and the Rytov variance of a propagating Gaussian beam in maritime environment is obtained. The probability density function (PDF), cumulative distribution function (CDF), and outage probability of the maritime communication channel are obtained analytically. The outage performance of a maritime communication link is given depending on various parameters of the maritime environment, the Gaussian beam, and the (FSO) communication system.