Developing drought resistant rice (Oryza sativa, L.)is essential for improving field productivity, especially in rainfed areas affected by climate change. Wild relatives of rice are potential sources for drought resistant traits. Therefore, we compared root growth and drought response among 22 wild Oryza species, from which Oryza glumaepatula was selected as a promising source for further exploration. A geographically diverse panel of 69 O. glumaepatula accessions was then screened for drought stress related traits, and six of these accessions showed lower shoot dry weight reduction, greater percentage of deep roots, and lower stomatal density under drought than the drought tolerant O. sativa variety, Sahbhagi dhan. Based on whole genome resequencing of all 69 O. glumaepatula accessions and variant calling to a high-quality O. glumaepatula reference genome, we detected multiple genomic loci co-locating for shoot dry weight, root dry weight at 30-45 cm depth, and stomatal density in consecutive drought trials. Geo-referencing indicated that the potential drought donors originated in flood-prone locations, corroborating previous hypotheses about the co-existence of flood and drought tolerance within individual Oryza genomes. These findings present potential donor accessions, traits, and genomic loci from an AA genome wild relative of rice that, together with the recently developed reference genome, may be useful for further introgression of drought tolerance into Oryza sativa backgrounds.
KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-09-07
Acknowledgements: This study was supported by both the AXA Chair in Genome Biology and Evolutionary Genomics (IRRI), and the Bud Antle Endowed Chair of Excellence in Agriculture & Life Sciences (UArizona) to RAW. Nineteen of the O. glumaepatula accessions used in this study were distributed from the National Institute of Genetics supported by the National Bioresource Project (NBRP), MEXT, Japan. We thank Jayson Talag, Carlo Cabral, Philip Zambrano, Ariston Reyes, Eric Mateo, Eleanor Mico, Lesly Satioquia, and Nancy Sadiasa for technical support, Cornelia Garcia for providing the map of the O. glumaepatula collection sites, and Ricky Vinarao and Marlee Labroo for their support of this work. We thank Kapeel Chougule and Doreen Ware for providing the annotations for the O. glumaepatula reference hosted at the Gramene Pan Oryza site: https://oryza.gramene.org/ with funding provided from USDA ARS 8062-21000-044-000D. Computing support was provided by the Philippine DOST-Advanced Science and Technology Institute. We thank Andrew Leakey for his guidance, and Kenneth McNally and Sung-Ryul Kim for helpful comments on the manuscript
- Plant Science