Organic semiconductors of phthalocyanine compounds for field effect transistors (FETs)

Yuexing Zhang, Xue Cai, Yongzhong Bian, Jianzhuang Jiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Various functional phthalocyanines as well as their tetrapyrrole analogs, porphyrins, have been extensively studied as organic semiconductors since the first report of organic field effect transistors (OFETs) in 1986. The large conjugated system, excellent photoelectric characteristics, intriguing and unique optical properties, high thermal and chemical stability, and most importantly the easy functionalization of phthalocyanines render them ideal organic semiconductormaterials as active layers for OFETs. In this chapter, the semiconducting properties of monomeric phthalocyanines as well as monomeric porphyrins, bis(phthalocyaninato) rare earth double-deckers, and tris(phthalocyaninato) rare earth triple-deckers in terms of their semiconducting nature (p-type, n-type, or ambipolar), carrier mobility, and current modulation reported in the past two decades have been summarized. Theoretical studies toward understanding the relationship between molecular structures as well as molecular electronic structures of phthalocyanines and their semiconducting properties have also been included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFunctional Phthalocyanine Molecular Materials
EditorsJianzhuang Jiang, Jianzhuang Jiang
Number of pages48
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameStructure and Bonding
ISSN (Print)0081-5993
ISSN (Electronic)1616-8550


  • Field effect transistors (FETs)
  • Organic semiconductor
  • Phthalocyanine
  • Porphyrin
  • Tetrapyrrole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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