Optimizing B-spline surfaces for developability and paneling architectural freeform surfaces

Konstantinos Gavriil, Alexander Schiftner, Helmut Pottmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Motivated by applications in architecture and design, we present a novel method for increasing the developability of a B-spline surface. We use the property that the Gauss image of a developable surface is 1-dimensional and can be locally well approximated by circles. This is cast into an algorithm for thinning the Gauss image by increasing the planarity of the Gauss images of appropriate neighborhoods. A variation of the main method allows us to tackle the problem of paneling a freeform architectural surface with developable panels, in particular enforcing rotational cylindrical, rotational conical and planar panels, which are the main preferred types of developable panels in architecture due to the reduced cost of manufacturing.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-43
Number of pages15
JournalComputer-Aided Design
StatePublished - Feb 10 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: We would like to thank Heinz Schmiedhofer for providing the scan and picture of the leather surface example in Fig. 8. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No. 675789.


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