Optical Wiretap Channel With Input-Dependent Gaussian Noise Under Peak- and Average-Intensity Constraints

Morteza Soltani, Zouheir Rezki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


This paper studies the optical wiretap channel with input-dependent Gaussian noise, in which the main distortion is caused by an additive Gaussian noise whose variance depends on the current signal strength. Subject to nonnegativity and peak-intensity constraints on the channel input, we first present a practical optical wireless communication scenario for which the considered wiretap channel is stochastically degraded. We then study the secrecy-capacity-achieving input distribution of this wiretap channel and prove it to be discrete with a finite number of mass points, one of them located at the origin. Moreover, we show that the entire rate-equivocation region of this wiretap channel is also obtained by discrete input distributions with a finite support. Similar to the case of the Gaussian wiretap channel under a peak-power constraint, here too, we observe that under nonnegativity and peak-intensity constraints, there is a tradeoff between the secrecy capacity and the capacity in the sense that both may not be achieved simultaneously. Furthermore, we prove the optimality of discrete input distributions in the presence of an additional average intensity constraint. Finally, we shed light on the asymptotic behavior of the secrecy capacity in the low-and high-intensity regimes. In the low-intensity regime, the secrecy capacity scales quadratically with the peak-intensity constraint. On the other hand, in the high-intensity regime, the secrecy capacity does not scale with the constraint.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6878-6893
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-03-10
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2016-CRG5-2958-01.
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, under a competitive research Grant OSR-2016-CRG5-2958-01.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications


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