Optical diagnostics on the pre-chamber jet and main chamber ignition in the active pre-chamber combustion (PCC)

Qinglong Tang, Ramgopal Sampath, Manuel Echeverri Marquez, Priybrat Sharma, Ponnya Hlaing, Moez Ben Houidi, Emre Cenker, Junseok Chang, Gaetano Magnotti, Bengt Johansson

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58 Scopus citations


We studied the relationship between pre-chamber jet and main chamber ignition in the pre-chamber combustion (PCC) of an optical engine, fueled with methane and equipped with an active pre-chamber with two rows of orifices. Acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) and OH* chemiluminescence imaging techniques were simultaneously applied to visualize the pre-chamber jet and the reaction zone in the main chamber, respectively. The pre-chamber fueling was constant and the main chamber fueling was increased to form an ultra-lean case and a lean case with global excess air ratios (λ) of 2.3 and 1.8, respectively. Results indicate that a higher pressure difference between pre-chamber and main chamber (P) produces larger pre-chamber jet penetration speed; the maximum pre-chamber jet penetration speed appears at timing around the peak P. Over enrichment of the pre-chamber charge reduces the peak P and thus does not favor a faster pre-chamber jet discharge. In addition to the main pre-chamber jet, a weaker post jet discharge process is visualized; the former is due to the pre-chamber combustion while the latter due to the P fluctuation and the cylinder volume expansion. The post pre-chamber jet is accompanied by a post reaction zone in the ultra-lean case (λ=2.3) and there are two unburned regions in the main chamber: one is around the pre-chamber nozzle and the other between the adjacent reaction zones. These two unburned regions are consumed by flame propagation in the lean case (λ=1.8). The weak pre-chamber jet from the upper-row orifice does not produce any distinct reaction zone, indicating that the pre-chamber orifice location and arrangement on the nozzle also matters in the pre-chamber design. The pre-chamber jet penetration length is longer than that of the reaction zone during pre-chamber discharge; the penetration length difference between the pre-chamber jet and reaction zone decreases with increasing main chamber fueling.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-235
Number of pages18
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - Feb 15 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-19
Acknowledgements: The paper is based upon work supported by Saudi Aramco Research and Development Center FUELCOM3 program under Master Research Agreement Number 6600024505/01. FUELCOM (Fuel Combustion for Advanced Engines) is a collaborative research undertaking between Saudi Aramco and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) intended to address the fundamental aspects of hydrocarbon fuel combustion in engines and develop fuel/engine design tools suitable for advanced combustion modes.


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