Optical and interfacial characteristics of a heterojunction between (2¯01)-oriented single-domain β-(In0.072Ga0.928)2O3 and α-Al2O3 crystals

Nasir Alfaraj, Kuang-Hui Li, Laurentiu Braic, Mohamed N. Hedhili, Zaibing Guo, Tien Khee Ng, Boon S. Ooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this article, we determine the band alignment at the thermodynamically stable heterointerface between a (2¯01)-oriented single-domain β-(In0.072Ga0.928)2O3 crystal and bulk c-plane sapphire, namely, (0001)-oriented α-Al2O3. The β-(In0.072Ga0.928)2O3 layer was deposited on the bulk sapphire crystal using pulsed laser deposition. The β-(In0.072Ga0.928)2O3 and α-Al2O3 valence and conduction band offsets (VBO and CBO, respectively) were found to be 0 ± 0.1 and 4.87 ± 0.1 eV, respectively. Accordingly, we identified a type-I α-Al2O3/β-(In0.072Ga0.928)2O3 heterojunction. X-ray diffraction measurements confirmed (2¯01)-oriented single-domain β-(In0.072Ga0.928)2O3 high-quality films with in-plane rotations of every 120∘, whereas Rutherford backscattering spectrometry was employed to verify the bulk composition. We employed high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to measure the core level binding energies of Al 2p and Ga 2p3/2 with respect to the valence band maxima of the β-(In0.072Ga0.928)2O3 and α-Al2O3 layers, respectively. Then, we measured the energy separation between the Al 2p and Ga 2p3/2 core levels at the interface of the heterojunction. β-(InGa)2O3 is a wide-bandgap semiconductor, while α-Al2O3 is a well-known dielectric. Together, they can be employed to fabricate reliable and efficient power electronic devices. We also combined high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and fast Fourier transform algorithms to characterize the dislocations at the interface.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3273
JournalOptical Materials Express
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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