Optical absorptions in poly(paraphenylene vinylene) and poly(2,5-dimethoxy-1,4-paraphenylene vinylene) oligomers

J. Cornil*, D. Beljonne, R. H. Friend, J. L. Brédas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


On the basis of geometries optimized at the Austin model 1 level, we use the intermediate neglect of differential overlap method coupled with a single configuration interaction technique to calculate the optical absorption spectra of oligomers of poly(paraphenylene vinylene), PPV, and their dimethoxy-substituted derivatives. Our results are in good agreement with experimentally measured visible and UV absorption spectra for oligomers and polymers, and provide a detailed interpretation of the electronic transitions involved, distinguishing the roles of localized and delocalized π molecular orbitals. In addition to the lowest energy transition, from highest occupied to lowest unoccupied delocalized π orbitals (2.5 eV in PPV), we calculate further structure in the absorption at higher energies associated with the delocalized π orbitals. These match well the measured absorption features in PPV compounds, at 4.5 eV (tetramer), 4.1 eV (pentamer) and 3.8 eV (hexamer, polymer).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jun 10 1994
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is partlys upportedb y the Commission of EuropeanC ommunityE SPRIT projectL EDFOS-8013,t he BelgianP rime Minister Office of Science Policy “Programmed ’Impulsione n Technologied e 1’Informationa” nd“ Pole d’Attractione nC himieS u-pramoleculaireet Catalyse”,F NRS/FRFC, and an IBM AcademicJo int Study.O ne of us (DB) thanks the “Institut pour 1’Encouragemednet la Recherche dansl ’Industriee t l’AgricuIture( IRSIA)” for financial support.A nothero f us (JC) is Aspiranto f the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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