Operationalizing marketable blue carbon

Peter I Macreadie, Alistar Robertson, Bernadette Spinks, Matthew P. Adams, Jennifer M. Atchison, Justine Bell-James, Brett A. Bryan, Long Chu, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Lauren Drake, Carlos M. Duarte, Daniel A. Friess, Felipe Gonzalez, R. Quentin Grafton, Kate J. Helmstedt, Melanie Kaebernick, Jeffrey Kelleway, Gary A. Kendrick, Hilary Kennedy, Catherine E. LovelockJ. Patrick Megonigal, Damien T. Maher, Emily Pidgeon, Abbie A. Rogers, Rob Sturgiss, Stacey M. Trevathan-Tackett, Melissa Wartman, Kerrie A. Wilson, Kerrylee Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The global carbon sequestration and avoided emissions potentially achieved via blue carbon is high (∼3% of annual global greenhouse gas emissions); however, it is limited by multidisciplinary and interacting uncertainties spanning the social, governance, financial, and technological dimensions. We compiled a transdisciplinary team of experts to elucidate these challenges and identify a way forward. Key actions to enhance blue carbon as a natural climate solution include improving policy and legal arrangements to ensure equitable sharing of benefits; improving stewardship by incorporating indigenous knowledge and values; clarifying property rights; improving financial approaches and accounting tools to incorporate co-benefits; developing technological solutions for measuring blue carbon sequestration at low cost; and resolving knowledge gaps regarding blue carbon cycles. Implementing these actions and operationalizing blue carbon will achieve measurable changes to atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, provide multiple co-benefits, and address national obligations associated with international agreements.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-492
Number of pages8
JournalOne Earth
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 20 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-07-05
Acknowledgements: This project was supported by Deakin University, the Australian Research Council (DP200100575, DP180101285, DE200101791, DE200100683, DE210101029, and DE1901006192), the University of Wollongong’s Australian Centre for Culture, Environment, Society and Space (ACCESS), and the Norwegian Blue Forest Network.


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