One-step nanotopography construction by polyaniline polymerization for a superhydrophobic nanofibrous membrane towards direct contact membrane distillation

Lingling Zhong, Zhigao Zhu, Yu Han, Qiao Wang, Dongmei Liu, Fuyi Cui, Bin Li, Wei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Constructing a rough membrane surface is one of the crucial factors to obtain a superhydrophobic membrane for application in membrane distillation (MD). Herein, we reported a facile approach to construct a rough membrane surface by one-step polymerization of aniline instead of traditional inorganic nanoparticles. A superhydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofibrous membrane (NFM) was obtained by combination of electrospinning, polyaniline coating and hydrophobization. The results showed that the modified PVDF NFM exhibited superhydrophobicity with a water contact angle (WCA) of 155° and a sliding angle of 7°. Moreover, the modified PVDF NFM with an open-cell pore structure presented a high water flux of over 28 L m-2 h-1 as well as robust stability for treating simulated seawater containing different organic or inorganic contaminants. Significantly, the simple one-step polymerization of aniline can be used as a universal tool to modify various substrates, which paved a new way using a polymer rather than inorganic nanoparticles for material roughness construction.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2553-2564
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Science: Nano
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • General Environmental Science

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