Onboard capture and storage system using metal-organic frameworks for reduced carbon dioxide emissions from vehicles

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heavy-duty freight transportation, a key part of global transportation networks, is an energy-intensive contributor to growing CO2 emissions. Here, an onboard post-combustion capture and storage system is proposed for heavy-duty freight vehicles. Two state-of-the-art metal-organic frameworks with high CO2 selectivity and high storage capacity, respectively, are chosen. With high stability and selectivity toward CO2, even in humid conditions, KAUST-7 is the capturing material. Al-soc-MOF-1 is the storage material, given its high gravimetric and volumetric CO2 uptake between 10 and 50 bar. The goal of the system is to reduce heavy-duty vehicle CO2 emissions by at least 50% and achieve above 95% CO2 purity at the storage point. KAUST-7's thermodynamic and kinetic properties are measured and modeled, and process conditions are simulated and optimized in response to dynamic engine behavior. Captured and stored mass and volume are also minimized, resulting in methods to mitigate carbon emissions in the heavy-duty freight industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101467
JournalCell Reports Physical Science
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Figure 2 was created by Heno Hwang, Scientific Illustrator at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). M.E. conceived the idea, while G.P. S.M.S. P.M.B. and M.E. designed the research. P.M.B. synthesized the material and conducted adsorption experiments. A.A. G.P. and P.M.B. performed breakthrough experiments. G.P. A.R. and J.G. designed and computed engine behavior and adsorption capturing system, while G.P. and C.A.G. modeled the storage. All authors contributed to writing and revision of the manuscript. M.E. is the author of a patent in the US related to this work, “On-board CO2 capture and storage with metal organic framework” (US10364718B2).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • low-emissions vehicle
  • metal-organic framework
  • onboard CO capture and storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Energy
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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