On the use of oscillating jet flames in a coflow to develop soot models for practical applications

Agnes Jocher, Michael J. Evans, Paul R. Medwell, Bassam B. Dally, Heinz Pitsch, Graham J. Nathan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Oscillating jet flames in a coflow mimic certain features of turbulent flows in a simplified and controllable way. The potential of the HMOM soot model, which is validated in steady laboratory flames to be applied in practical, mostly turbulent flames, was evaluated. The model accurately predicted all the measurement parameters in a steady laminar sooting jet flame of ethylene/N2 mixture. When applied to an oscillating flame with the same fuel mixture, results revealed that, while velocity, temperature, and OH fields are well predicted, the peak soot volume fraction is over predicted and occurred away from the experimentally measured location. The potential for soot model improvement was analyzed by correlating the transient gas phase species, PAH, and soot formation or destruction behaviour. The soot number density distribution in mixture fraction space was comparable to the transitional turbulent flame regime dominated by Kelvin-Helmholtz rollers.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Combustion Institute
PublisherElsevier Ltd.
Number of pages9
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2022-09-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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