On the realization of across wavy water-air-interface diffuse-line-of-sight communication based on an ultraviolet emitter

Xiaobin Sun, Meiwei Kong, Chao Shen, Chun Hong Kang, Tien Khee Ng, Boon S. Ooi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


We experimentally demonstrated high-speed diffuse line-of-sight optical wireless communication across a wavy water-air-interface. The testbed channel was evaluated, in terms of data rate, coverage and robustness to the dynamic wave movement, based on the performance of different modulation schemes, including non-return-to-zero on-off keying (NRZ-OOK) and quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM)-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). Under the emulated calm water condition, 8-QAM-OFDM offers a data rate of 111.4 Mbit/s at the aligned position, while only 55 Mbit/s is achieved using NRZ-OOK. On the other hand, effective communication can still be maintained at a high data rate of 11 Mbit/s when the photodetector is off aligned laterally by 5 cm based on NRZ-OOK modulation, leading to a coverage of ~79 cm2. By utilizing OFDM modulation scheme, a data rate of 30 Mbit/s can be achieved up to 2.5-cm misalignment, leading to a coverage of ~20 cm2. Furthermore, in the presence of strong waves (15-mm wave height, causing a scintillation index of 0.667), 4-QAM-OFDM modulation showed a better resilience to channel instability than NRZ-OOK modulation. Our studies pave the way for the eventual realization of communication across a challenging water-air interface without the need for an interface relay, which is much sought-after for implementing a robust and large-coverage underwater-to-terrestrial internet-of-things.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19635
JournalOptics Express
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jun 27 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1614-01-01||KCR/1/2081-01-01||GEN/1/6607-01-01
Acknowledgements: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) Grant KACST TIC R2-FP-008; King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) BAS/1/1614-01-01, KCR/1/2081-01-01 and GEN/1/6607-01-01.


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