On the Performance of RIS-Assisted Dual-Hop Mixed RF-UWOC Systems

Sai Li, Liang Yang, Daniel Benevides da Costa, Marco Di Renzo, Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


In this paper, we investigate the performance of a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted dual-hop mixed radio-frequency underwater wireless optical communication (RF-UWOC) system. An RIS is an emerging and low-cost technology that aims to enhance the strength of the received signal, thus improving the system performance. In the considered system setup, a ground source does not have a reliable direct link to a given marine buoy and communicates with it through an RIS installed on a building. In particular, the fixed buoy acts as a relay that sends the signal to an underwater destination. In this context, analytical expressions for the outage probability (OP), average bit error rate (ABER), and average channel capacity (ACC) are derived assuming fixed-gain amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) relaying protocols at the marine buoy. Moreover, asymptotic analyses of the OP and ABER are carried out in order to gain further insights from the analytical frameworks. In particular, the system diversity order is derived and it is shown to depend on the RF link parameters and on the detection schemes of the UWOC link. Finally, it is demonstrated that RIS-assisted systems can effectively improve the performance of mixed dual-hop RF-UWOC systems.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-15
Acknowledgements: This work was in part supported by the Department of Education of Guangdong Province (No. 2016KZDXM050), the Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou (No.201904010249), the Science and Technology Program of Changsha (kq1907112), and the Open Fund of IPOC (BUPT). The review of this paper was coordinated by Prof. Ying-Chang Liang


Dive into the research topics of 'On the Performance of RIS-Assisted Dual-Hop Mixed RF-UWOC Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this