On the high-temperature combustion of n-butanol: Shock tube data and an improved kinetic model

Subith S. Vasu, Mani Sarathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


The combustion of n-butanol has received significant interest in recent years, because of its potential use in transportation applications. Researchers have extensively studied its combustion chemistry, using both experimental and theoretical methods; however, additional work is needed under specific conditions to improve our understanding of n-butanol combustion. In this study, we report new OH time-history data during the high-temperature oxidation of n-butanol behind reflected shock waves over the temperature range of 1300-1550 K and at pressures near 2 atm. These data were obtained at Stanford University, using narrow-line-width ring dye laser absorption of the R1(5) line of OH near 306.7 nm. Measured OH time histories were modeled using comprehensive n-butanol literature mechanisms. It was found that n-butanol unimolecular decomposition rate constants commonly used in chemical kinetic models, as well as those determined from theoretical studies, are unable to predict the data presented herein. Therefore, an improved high-temperature mechanism is presented here, which incorporates recently reported rate constants measured in a single pulse shock tube [C. M. Rosado-Reyes and W. Tsang, J. Phys. Chem. A 2012, 116, 9825-9831]. Discussions are presented on the validity of the proposed mechanism against other literature shock tube experiments. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7072-7080
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy & Fuels
Issue number11
StatePublished - Oct 21 2013

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: S.S.V.would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by the University of Central Florida, Mechanical and Aerospace Department and the Office of Research and Commercialization. The work at KAUST was funded by the Clean Combustion Research Center. The authors would like to thank Prof. Ronald Hanson at Stanford University for access to previously unpublished OH data.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology


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