Observation of cnoidal wave localization in nonlinear topolectric circuits

Hendrik Hohmann, Tobias Hofmann, Tobias Helbig, Stefan Imhof, Hauke Brand, Lavi K. Upreti, Alexander Stegmaier, Alexander Fritzsche, Tobias Müller, Udo Schwingenschlögl, Ching Hua Lee, Martin Greiter, Laurens W. Molenkamp, Tobias Kießling, Ronny Thomale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We observe a localized cnoidal (LCn) state in an electric circuit network. Its formation derives from the interplay of nonlinearity and the topology inherent to a Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) chain of inductors. Varicap diodes act as voltage-dependent capacitors, and create a nonlinear on-site potential. For a sinusoidal voltage excitation around midgap frequency, we show that the voltage response in the nonlinear SSH circuit follows the Korteweg-de Vries equation. The topological SSH boundary state, which relates to a midgap impedance peak in the linearized limit is distorted into the LCn state in the nonlinear regime, where the cnoidal eccentricity decreases from edge to bulk.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysical Review Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 21 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-03-24
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): 2022-CRG10-4660
Acknowledgements: We thank Aurelien Manchon for useful discussions. The work is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) through Project-ID 258499086 - SFB 1170 and through the WürzburgDresden Cluster of Excellence on Complexity and Topology in Quantum Matter–ct.qmat Project-ID 390858490 - EXC 2147. C.H.L. is funded by Singapore’s Ministry of Education Tier-I grant (WBS A-8000022-00-00). We acknowledge funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under Award 2022-CRG10-4660. T.He. was supported by a Ph.D. scholarship of the Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes.


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