Numerical evaluation of NOx mechanisms in methane-air counterflow premixed flames

Eun Seong Cho, Suk Ho Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The control of nitrogen oxides (NOx) has been a major issue in designing combustion systems, since NOx play a key role in ozone depletion and the generation of photochemical smog. The characteristics of NOx emission can be essential information for the development of a clean combustor having suitable reduction methodologies. In the present study, NOx emission characteristics were evaluated numerically, accounting for the effect of equivalence ratio, stretch rate, pressure, and initial temperature. In general, peak NOx emission appeared near the equivalence ratio of unity case, and NOx emission increased with pressure and initial temperature due to the temperature sensitivity in NOx mechanism. NOx decreased with stretch rate due to the decrease in residence time in high temperature region. Furthermore, the thermal and prompt mechanisms were evaluated with equivalence ratio for two calculation methods. The conventional methods ignore the interaction of coupled mechanism of thermal and prompt NOx. The reaction path diagram was introduced to understand effective reaction pathways in various conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-666
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Counterflow premixed flame
  • Prompt NO
  • Thermal NO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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