Numerical and experimental study on silica generating counterflow diffusion flames

J. I. Kim, J. Y. Hwang, J. Lee, M. Choi*, S. H. Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Temperatures and concentrations of OH radicals in silica generating counter-flow oxy-hydrogen diffusion flames are measured using a broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and a planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) techniques to study thermo-chemical effects of SiCl 4 addition to flames. Numerical analysis considering detailed chemical reactions including silica generating reactions is also conducted. The experimental results demonstrate that temperatures decrease in preheated zone due to the increase in specific heat of the gas mixture while the decrease is mitigated in particle formation zone due to the heat release through hydrolysis and oxidation reactions of SiCl4. Also, OH concentrations significantly decrease in silica formation flame, which can be attributed to the consumption of oxidative radicals during the silica generating reactions of SiCl4 and depletion of OH by HCl. The numerical simulation agrees well for flames having relatively low flame temperatures of 1750 K but underestimates the decrease in OH concentration for high temperature flame over 2700 K. The disagreement for the high temperature flames would imply possible OH consumption via direct reactions between OH radicals and silicon chlorides, which is expected to be highly sensitive to temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005


  • CARS
  • Counterflow diffusion flame
  • Flame synthesis of silica particles
  • PLIF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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