2 Scopus citations


The Red Sea is a marine environment with unique chemical characteristics and physical topographies. Among the various habitats offered by the Red Sea, the deep-sea brine pools are the most extreme in terms of salinity, temperature and metal contents. Nonetheless, the brine pools host rich polyextremophilic bacterial and archaeal communities. These microbial communities are promising sources for various classes of enzymes adapted to harsh environments – extremozymes. Extremozymes are emerging as novel biocatalysts for biotechnological applications due to their ability to perform catalytic reactions under harsh biophysical conditions, such as those used in many industrial processes. In this review, we provide an overview of the extremozymes from different Red Sea brine pools and discuss the overall biotechnological potential of the Red Sea proteome.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
StatePublished - Oct 27 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-11-25
Acknowledgements: We would like to thank Ute Langner from the KAUST Red Sea Research Center for creating the Red Sea brine pool map. Further, we would like to thank Alan Barozzi from the KAUST Red Sea Research Center for sharing literature on the Red Sea brine pool coordinates with us.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology


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