NO2 sensitive LaFe3 thin films prepared by r.f. sputtering

Enrico Traversa*, Shigenori Matsushima, Genji Okada, Yoshihiko Sadaoka, Yoshiro Sakai, Kazuaki Watanabe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations


LeFeO3 thin films with different thicknesses have been fabricated by the r.f. magnetron sputtering method on Al2O3 substrates with comb-type Au electrodes. The influence of annealing temperatures and times on the NO2 sensitivity of the thin films has been investigated. The thin films are annealed at temperatures from 600 to 1000 °C in flowing air for 30 or 60 min. The conductivity of thin films increases noticeably when NO2 gas is introduced into the measuring chamber, and returns to its original level after NO2 is removed. The NO2 response curve of LaFeO3 thin films shows two distinct phases: an initial fast and large conductivity change, followed by a much slower change. These phases are attributed to the surface chemisorption process of NO2 and the oxidation process of the bulk, respectively. The material's structure plays a fundamental role in its NO2 response, while the influence of film thickness is less important. The annealing temperature and time of LaFeO3 sputtered thin films determine their NO2 sensitivity. The thinner films show higher resistivities, slightly greater NO2 sensitivities and less stable results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)661-664
Number of pages4
JournalSensors and Actuators: B. Chemical
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


  • Lanthanum iron oxide
  • Nitrogen oxide sensors
  • Sputtering
  • Thin-film sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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