Here, we address the problem of trend estimation for functional time series. Existing contributions either deal with detecting a functional trend or assuming a simple model. They consider neither the estimation of a general functional trend nor the analysis of functional time series with a functional trend component. Similarly to univariate time series, we propose an alternative methodology to analyze functional time series, taking into account a functional trend component. We propose to estimate the functional trend by using a tensor product surface that is easy to implement, to interpret, and allows to control the smoothness properties of the estimator. Through a Monte Carlo study, we simulate different scenarios of functional processes to show that our estimator accurately identifies the functional trend component. We also show that the dependency structure of the estimated stationary time series component is not significantly affected by the error approximation of the functional trend component. We apply our methodology to annual mortality rates in France.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Aug 16 2020|
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This research was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).