We demonstrate that the broadband nonlinear optical response of graphene can be resonantly enhanced by more than an order of magnitude through hybridization with a plasmonic metamaterial, while retaining an ultrafast nonlinear response time of ∼ 1 ps. Transmission modulation close to ∼ 1 % is seen at a pump fluence of ∼ 30 μJ/cm 2 at the wavelength of ∼ 1. 6 μm. This approach allows to engineer and enhance graphene's nonlinearity within a broad wavelength range enabling applications in optical switching, mode-locking, and pulse shaping.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (U.K.) and the Royal Society.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)