Noninvasive Featherlight Wearable Compliant “Marine Skin”: Standalone Multisensory System for Deep-Sea Environmental Monitoring

Sohail F. Shaikh, Harold F. Mazo-Mantilla, Nadeem Qaiser, Sherjeel M. Khan, Joanna M. Nassar, Nathan Geraldi, Carlos M. Duarte, Muhammad Mustafa Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Advances in marine research to understand environmental change and its effect on marine ecosystems rely on gathering data on species physiology, their habitat, and their mobility patterns using heavy and invasive biologgers and sensory telemetric networks. In the past, a lightweight (6 g) compliant environmental monitoring system: Marine Skin was demonstrated. In this paper, an enhanced version of that skin with improved functionalities (500–1500% enhanced sensitivity), packaging, and most importantly its endurance at a depth of 2 km in the highly saline Red Sea water for four consecutive weeks is reported. A unique noninvasive approach for attachment of the sensor by designing a wearable, stretchable jacket (bracelet) that can adhere to any species irrespective of their skin type is also illustrated. The wearable featherlight (
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1804385
Issue number10
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2015-Sensors-2707, OSR-2016-KKI-2880
Acknowledgements: This publication is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. Sensor Innovation Initiative OSR-2015-Sensors-2707 and KAUST-KFUPM Special Initiative OSR-2016-KKI-2880. The authors thankfully acknowledge Oceanografic Valencia, Spain for helping with the marine species based testing of the reported marine skins, and Jorge Alarcon and the Beacon Corporation for assistance with fish husbandry at KAUST.


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