Nitric oxide pathways in surface-flame radiant burners

M. D. Rumminger*, R. W. Dibble

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nitrogen oxide (NOx) formation in surface-fame burners is studied. Surface-fame burners are typically made of metal fbers, ceramic fbers, or ceramic foam and provide radiant flux with low pollutant emissions. A one-dimensional model represents combustion on and within the porous medium using multistep chemistry, separate gas and energy equations, and a radiatively participating porous medium. We describe experimental measurements of NOx profiles above a surface-fame burner and compare them to model predictions. The model predicts NOx concentration with reasonable success. Deviations between model and experiment are primarily the result of heat loss in the experiment that is not considered in the model. Reaction rate analysis is performed to identify the chemical kinetic source of NO in the fame. Zeldovich NO is signifcant only at the highest firing rate studied (600 kW/m2, ϕ = 0.9), where it is responsible for 50-60% of the total NO. At the lower firing rates (200 and 300 kW/m2, ϕ = 0.9), where total NO is low, nearly all of the NO is formed in the fame front. Zeldovich NO accounts for 20-30% percent of the total NO, the Fenimore pathway accounts for less than 10% of the NO, and 50-75% percent of the NO is formed through the NNH, N2O and other paths. Sensitivity analysis shows that NO production in the fame front is most sensitive to NNH+O = NH+NO, with CH+N2 = HCN+N having the second highest sensitivity coeffcient. At the lower fring rates NO emission is insensitive to porous medium properties, while at the high firing rate NO emission is slightly sensitive to porous medium properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalEurasian Chemico-Technological Journal
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Al-Farabi Kazakh National University

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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