Near-surface S-wave velocity estimation using ambient noise from fiber-optic acquisition

Zhendong Zhang, Mamdoh Alajami, Tariq Ali Alkhalifah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


Distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) acquisition measures the ground motion using fiber-optic cables. Unlike conventional sensors, DAS can cost effectively provide dense seismic arrays and long-term operations, which is good for monitoring ambient noise. We propose a similarity-weighted stacking of randomly selected short-time duration noise to generate virtual common-shot-gathers (CSG). The similarity-weighted stacking only counts the primary contributions of coherent events, while a short-time correlation can suppress the crosstalk usually presents in late arrivals. Then, we use the wave-equation Rayleigh-wave dispersion-spectrum inversion, which utilizes all the dispersion modes available and avoids picking the dispersion curve, estimating the shallow S-wave velocities. We use a field DAS data set collected in Saudi Arabia to demonstrate the proposed method.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2019
PublisherSociety of Exploration Geophysicists
Number of pages5
StatePublished - Aug 10 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-04-23
Acknowledgements: We thank KAUST for its support and specifically the seismic wave analysis group members for their valuable insights. We thank KACST for acquiring the data and we also thank Roman Pevzner for discussions. For computer time, this research used the resources of the Supercomputing Laboratory at King Abdullah University of Science & Technology (KAUST) in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.


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