Nanostructured sulfur cathodes

Yuan Yang, Guangyuan Zheng, Yi Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1784 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rechargeable Li/S batteries have attracted significant attention lately due to their high specific energy and low cost. They are promising candidates for applications, including portable electronics, electric vehicles and grid-level energy storage. However, poor cycle life and low power capability are major technical obstacles. Various nanostructured sulfur cathodes have been developed to address these issues, as they provide greater resistance to pulverization, faster reaction kinetics and better trapping of soluble polysulfides. In this review, recent developments on nanostructured sulfur cathodes and mechanisms behind their operation are presented and discussed. Moreover, progress on novel characterization of sulfur cathodes is also summarized, as it has deepened the understanding of sulfur cathodes and will guide further rational design of sulfur electrodes. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3018
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-l1-001-12
Acknowledgements: A portion of this work was supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering under contract DE-AC02-76SF0051 through the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Laboratory Directed Research and Development funding, under contract DE-AC02-76SF00515 (J.N., M. F. T., Y.C.). Y.C. acknowledges support from a King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator Award (No. KUS-l1-001-12). Y.Y. acknowledges financial support from the Stanford Graduate Fellowship (SGF). G.Z. acknowledges financial support from the Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore. Portions of this research were carried out at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, a national user facility operated by Stanford University on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

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