Nano-scale transistors for interfacing with brain: design criteria, progress and prospect

Nazek Elatab, Sohail F. Shaikh, Muhammad Mustafa Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


According to the World Health Organization, one quarter of the world's population suffers from various neurological disorders ranging from depression to Alzheimer's disease. Thus, understanding the operation mechanism of the brain enables us to help those who are suffering from these diseases. In addition, recent clinical medicine employs electronic brain implants, despite the fact of being invasive, to treat disorders ranging from severe coronary conditions to traumatic injuries. As a result, the deaf could hear, the blind could see, and the paralyzed could control robotic arms and legs. Due to the requirement of high data management capability with a power consumption as low as possible, designing nanoscale transistors as essential I/O electronics is a complex task. Herein, we review the essential design criteria for such nanoscale transistors, progress and prospect for implantable brain–machine-interface electronics. This article also discusses their technological challenges for practical implementation.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442001
Issue number44
StatePublished - Jul 25 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): OSR-2015-Sensors-2707, OSR-2016-KKI-2880
Acknowledgements: Authors acknowledge generous support by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Office of Sponsored Research (OSR), Award No. Sensor Innovation Initiative OSR-2015-Sensors-2707 and KAUST-KFUPM Special Initiative OSR-2016-KKI-2880


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