Multiscale-stabilized solutions to one-dimensional systems of conservation laws

Ruben Juanes*, Tadeusz W. Patzek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We present a variational multiscale formulation for the numerical solution of one-dimensional systems of conservation laws. The key idea of the proposed formulation, originally presented by Hughes [Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg., 127 (1995) 387-401], is a multiple-scale decomposition into resolved grid scales and unresolved subgrid scales. Incorporating the effect of the subgrid scales onto the coarse scale problem results in a finite element method with enhanced stability properties, capable of accurately representing the sharp features of the solution. In the formulation developed herein, the multiscale split is invoked prior to any linearization of the equations. Special attention is given to the choice of the matrix of stabilizing coefficients and the discontinuity-capturing diffusion. The methodology is applied to the one-dimensional simulation of three-phase flow in porous media, and the shallow water equations. These numerical simulations clearly show the potential and applicability of the formulation for solving highly nonlinear, nearly hyperbolic systems on very coarse grids. Application of the numerical formulation to multidimensional problems is presented in a forthcoming paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2781-2805
Number of pages25
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Issue number25-26
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Multiscale
  • Porous media flow
  • Shallow water equations
  • Shock-capturing
  • Stabilized finite elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computer Science Applications


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