Multiple-effect diffusion solar still coupled with a vacuum-tube collector and heat pipe

Tze-Ling Chong, Bin-Juine Huang, Po-Hsien Wu, Yeong-Chuan Kao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


The present study develops a multiple-effect diffusion solar still (MEDS) with a bended-plate design in multiple-effect diffusion unit (MDU) to solve the peel-off problem of wick material. The MDU is coupled with a vacuum-tube solar collector to produce a high temperature gradient for high productivity. A heat pipe is used to transfer the solar heat to the MDU. A prototype MEDS-1L was built and tested outdoors. Four performance indexes are proposed for the performance evaluation of MEDS, including daily pure water production per unit area of glass cover, solar absorber, and evaporating surface (Mcov, Msol, Mevp, respectively), and solar distillation efficiency Rcov. The outdoor test results of MEDS-1L show that the solar collector supply temperature Th reaches 100°C at solar radiation 800Wm-2. The highest Mcov is 23.9kgm-2d-1 which is about 29% higher than the basin-type MEDS [11]. The highest value is 25.9kgm-2d-1 for Msol and 2.79kgm-2d-1 for Mevp. The measured Rcov is 1.5-2.44, higher than the basin-type MEDS (1.45-1.88). The Mcov, Msol, Mevp and Rcov of MEDS-1L are all higher than the theoretical calculation of a MEDS with a flat-plate solar collector coupled with a heat pipe (MEDS-FHP) [17].© 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-76
Number of pages11
StatePublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUK-C1-014-12
Acknowledgements: This publication is based on work supported by Award No. KUK-C1-014-12, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia, and by Grant No. NSC101-2221-E-002-067-MY2, Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.


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