Multi-user opportunistic scheduling using power controlled hierarchical constellations

Md Jahangir Hossain*, Mohamed-Slim Alouini, Vijay K. Bhargava

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


In this letter, we study an application of hierarchical constellations (known also as embedded, multi-resolution, or asymmetrical constellations) for multi-user opportunistic scheduling. The key idea is to rely on hierarchical constellations to transmit information to two or more best users simultaneously in each transmission. The transmit power as well as the constellation parameter is changed according to the link qualities of the selected users in a way that a given target bit error rate (BER) is satisfied. The expressions for the average transmit power, and the outage probability with truncated channel inversion power control are presented. We also analyze and compare buffer distribution, average buffer occupancy, and packet loss probability of different schemes via queuing analysis. We finally compare the hierarchical scheme for multi-user scheduling with a uniform constellation-based time-slotted scheme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1581-1586
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007


  • Hierarchical constellation
  • Multi-user diversity
  • Opportunistic scheduling
  • Power control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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