Spatially explicit individual-based models (IBMs) are useful tools for simulating the movement of discrete fish individuals within dynamic and heterogeneous environments. However, processing the IBM outputs is complicated because fish individuals are continuously adjusting their behavior in response to changing environmental conditions. Here, we present a new analysis tool, called MovCLUfish, that uses data mining to identify patterns from the trajectories of the individuals generated from IBMs. MovCLUfish is configured to identify features of fish behavior related to occupation (area of fish presence), dynamics of aggregation (how fish individuals are distributed within the area of presence), and mobility (how fish move between subregions). MovCLUfish receives as input the fish locations (longitude, latitude) at fixed times during a specific time period and performs spatial clustering on consecutive timestamps, considering them as moving objects. Fish locations are grouped into clusters whose features (centroid, shape, size, density) are used to provide further information about the spatial distributions. The clusters are analyzed using three built-in pattern mining methods: tracking moving centroids (TMC), aggregating moving clusters (AMC), and tracking fish mobility (TFM). TMC detects shifts in the distribution of fish over time, AMC visualizes the way fish aggregations change geographically over time, and TFM provides quantitative information on the patterns of exchange and connectivity of individuals among regions within the domain. We describe the workflow of MovCLUfish and illustrate its applicability using output from an IBM model configured for anchovy in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Further avenues for improvement and expansion of MovCLUfish are discussed.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-11-21
Acknowledgements: The research of Dimitris Kleftogiannis was funded by the KAUST Base Research Funds to professor Panos Kalnis. We thank Nikolaos Zarokanelos for his useful comments. We express our appreciation to the two reviewers for the careful reading of the manuscript and their thoughtful comments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ocean Engineering