Morphological Phase Diagram of Gadolinium Iodide Encapsulated in Carbon Nanotubes

Nitin M Batra, Anumol Erumpukuthickal Ashokkumar, Jasmin Smajic, Andrey N. Enyashin, Francis Leonard Deepak, Pedro M. F. J. Da Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The melt phase encapsulation of gadolinium iodide (GdI3) in small internal diameter carbon nanotubes (CNT) was explored to understand how the tubular structure of the host could chemically stabilize a hygroscopic metal halide. However, given the distribution of diameters in the as-received CNTs, the final sample consisted of mixed encapsulation products. These varied from the mono-elemental iodine chain to the atomic layer deposition of the binary halide. Supported by density functional theory calculations, these observations led to the proposition of a morphological phase diagram for GdI3 encapsulation in CNTs as a function of the host’s internal diameter.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24967-24976
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number43
StatePublished - Oct 9 2018


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