Polymeric light emitting devices may be fabricated from a simple structure consisting of a low work function cathode (typically calcium or magnesium), a conjugated semiconducting polymer and a transparent anode (typically indium-tin oxide). Optimum device efficiencies require the balanced injection of electrons and holes. This paper describes the application of molecular engineering in the design of a family of poly(cyanoterephthalylidenene)s which show increased electron affinity over the unsubstituted analogue [poly(p-phenylenevinylene) PPV]. In particular these polymers as the emissive layer in a bilayer device with indium tin oxide (ITO, positive transparent contact) and aluminum (stable negative contact) and PPV as a hole transporting layer exhibit internal efficiencies up to 4%.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings|
|Publisher||Publ by Materials Research SocietyPittsburgh, PA, United States|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|