Molecular triangles: Synthesis, self-assembly, and blue emission of cyclo-7,10-tris-triphenylenyl macrocycles

Matthias Georg Schwab, Tianshi Qin, Wojciech Pisula, Alexey Mavrinskiy, Xinliang Feng, Martin Baumgarten, Hun Kim, Frédéric Laquai, Sebastian Schuh, Roman Trattnig, Emil J.W. List*, Klaus Müllen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


A set of cyclo-7,10-tris-triphenylenyl macrocycles have been prepared by a Yamamoto cyclotrimerization protocol. In these novel macrocycles, three triphenylene units are covalently linked to each other, resulting in the formation of triangular-shaped molecules. The fully planar derivative revealed pronounced self-assembly behavior. NMR spectroscopy was used to determine the association constant in solution. 2D wide-angle X-ray scattering was applied to the study of the liquid crystallinity of this new discotic mesogen in the bulk state. Furthermore, nonplanar, laterally substituted derivatives were successfully tested as blue emitters in organic light-emitting diodes owing to their unique optoelectronic properties and their high stability. In this case, substitution with sterically demanding phenyl groups was efficiently used to suppress intermolecular packing, thus preventing undesired quenching effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3001-3010
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 4 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • blue emission
  • liquid crystals
  • macrocycles
  • self-assembly
  • triphenylenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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