Molecular beam epitaxy growth of bulk GaNAsSb on Ge/graded-SiGe/Si substrate

Tien Khee Ng*, Soon Fatt Yoon, Kian Hua Tan, Kah Pin Chen, Hendrix Tanoto, Kim Luong Lew, Satrio Wicaksono, Wan Khai Loke, Carl Dohrman, Eugene A. Fitzgerald

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We present here the preliminary growth and characterization results on the integration of GaAs/GaNAsSb/GaAs III-V layer structure on Ge/graded-SiGe/Si substrate or simply silicon virtual substrate (SVS). It was found in cross-section transmission electron microscopy (TEM) study that a sub-optimal Ge surface annealing (below 600 °C) was detrimental to the subsequent growth of III-V layer, and surface pitting was observed on the GaAs surface as a result. This surface pit was found to originate from the heterovalent interface between the Ge substrate surface and the GaAs epitaxy. By properly treating the Ge surface with in-situ annealing at 640 °C and low temperature GaAs seeding before epitaxy growth, the above III-V layer structure can be successfully grown with smooth surface morphology. The atomic force microcopy (AFM) results correlated well with the RHEED observation and provided further insight into the quality of three GaAs/GaNAsSb/GaAs samples. The root-mean-square (rms) surface roughness of the GaAs/GaNAsSb/GaAs layer structures with GaAs grown at 650, 610, and 580 °C were 25.9, 6.2, and 1.7 nm, respectively. In addition, upon annealing at ∼750 °C for 1 min in N2 ambient, one of the GaAs/GaNAsSb/GaAs sample showed a 5 K photoluminescence (PL) spectrum that was dominated by a peak with emission energy at 980 nm or equivalent to 1.27 eV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1754-1757
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number7
StatePublished - Mar 15 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • A1. Atomic force microscopy
  • A1. Reflection high energy electron diffraction
  • A3. Molecular beam epitaxy
  • B1. Antimonides
  • B1. Nitrides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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